News: Since the beginning of the 21st century, there has been emergence and outbreaks of multiple zoonotic diseases.
Definition: Type of disease that passes from an animal or insect to a human.
|Nipah||Host: Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family |
transmitted to humans from animals (such as bats or pigs), or contaminated foods and
transmitted directly from human-to-human.
|Zika||transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes. |
infected people can transmit Zika through transfer of body fluids including sexual intercourse
|Ebola||6 species of Ebola Virus identified till date: Zaire, Bundibugyo, Sudan, Taï Forest, Reston and Bombali.|
Host:fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family
Transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission
|Avian/Bird Flu||caused by H5N1 virus, a subtype of the influenza A virus. |
Human infections occur through infected bird-to-human contact or contact with surfaces and objects contaminated by their droppings.
Human-human transmission is limited
|Swine Flu||Caused by H1N1 virus |
occur in people with direct exposure to pigs spread from person to person, similar to seasonal influenza viruses.
|Kyasanur forest disease||caused by Kyasanur Forest disease Virus(KFDV), a member of the virus family Flaviviridae|
Host: Rodents, shrews and monkeys after being bitten by an infected tick.
Transmission to humans occur after a tick bite or contact with an infected animal
|Rabies||caused by Ribonucleic Acid(RNA) virus that is present in the saliva of a rabid animal.|
Transmitted to humans following a bite of a rabid animal
|West Nile Virus||caused by the West Nile Virus|
Natural Host: BirdsTransmits to humans through bites from infected Culex mosquitoes
|Monkeypox||caused by monkeypox virus transmitted to people from wild animals such as rodents and primates|
Human-to-human transmission caused by contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials
|Dengue||Caused by Dengue virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae|
Transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female Aedes Aegypti mosquito
|Malaria||caused by Plasmodium parasites |
transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
|Hantavirus||family of viruses which are spread mainly by rodents |
does not spread from one person to another
can be contracted if someone comes in contact with a rodent that carries the virus.