Opposition parties have moved to the Supreme
Court demanding the random verification of at least 50% Electronic Voting
Machines (EVM) using Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) in every
Assembly segment or constituency.
Opposition parties have argued that this would
increase voter confidence and make the electoral process more transparent. They
have contended that free and fair elections is a part of the basic structure of
the Indian Constitution. The Supreme Court has held that democracy is one of
the inalienable basic features of the Constitution of India and forms part of
its basic structure. Free and fair elections are a central feature of democracy.
In 2013, the Supreme Court in Subramanian Swami Case,
had held that VVPAT for EVMs was an indispensable requirement of free and fair
elections. The SC had directed the Election Commission to introduce VVPAT in
EVMs in gradual stages or geographical-wise in the 2014 general elections.
Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) is an
independent system attached to an EVM that allows the voters to verify that
their votes are cast as intended. At present, VVPAT slips in one randomly
chosen polling station per constituency are tallied with EVM results.