Article 371 of the Indian Constitution grants
some temporary, transition and special provisions to some states in India.
Article 371 provides special powers to the governors
of Gujarat and Maharashtra to create independent development boards in regions
such as Vidarbha, Marathwada, Kutch etc.
Article 371 (A) states that laws enacted by Parliament
will not apply to Nagaland in respect to religious or social practices of the
Nagas, its customary laws, and procedures, administration of civil and criminal
justice involving decisions according to Naga customary laws and ownership and
transfer of land and its resources. The Central laws in relation to these
matters can apply only if the Legislative Council agrees to it by passing a
Article 371 (B) provides that to give autonomy
and voice to tribes, the President can provide for the constitution and
functions of a committee of Legislative Assembly of the state consisting of
members elected from the tribal areas of Assam. Article 371 (C) is for Manipur.
It is similar to that of 371 (B)
Article 371 (D) and (E) provides for special provisions
for Andhra Pradesh. It states that the President can provide equal opportunities
for the local populace in public education and employment.
Articles 371 (F), talk about special provisions
with respect to Sikkim. It states that that the Legislative Assembly shall
consist of not less than 30 members. In order to reflect the diversity of
different groups in Sikkim, seats in the assembly are provided to people of
these different sections. Article 371 (G) for Mizoram is similar to that of
Article 371 (A) for Nagaland
371 (H) talks about special provisions for Arunachal
Pradesh. Its states that the governor has special powers on the state’s law and
order situation and can overrule the chief minister’s decision on the basis of
Article 371 (I) deals with special provisions
for Goa. Article 371 (J) grants special status to six backward districts of