A team of researchers from the National Institute of Biomedical Genomics,West Bengal has found the Biomarkers for lymph node metastasis in oral cancer.
The researchers have said that by looking out for five biomarkers,it is now possible to tell in advance if a person with oral cancer of the gum and cheek has lymph node metastasis even before surgery is undertaken.
A biomarker or biological marker is a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition.Biomarkers are often measured and evaluated to examine normal biological processes,pathogenic processes or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention.Biomarkers are used in many scientific fields.
Lymph nodes are tiny round or oval organs found all over your body, and they are connected through a complex system of lymphatic channels. They function to help the body fight infection via white blood cells.
They act as filters for anything that should not be in the body,including cancer cells.Metastatic lymph nodes are those that have cancer cells within them which is spread from a primary tumor of somewhere else.