EVALI (e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury)

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News: According to Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a US federal agency, the number of deaths due to EVALI, in the USA, rose to 55.

Facts:

About EVALI

  • An acronym for e-cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury.
  • The term was coined by Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2019.
  • Symptoms: common with other respiratory illnesses, including coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath, extreme fever or fatigue.

About E-cigarettes:

  • E-cigarettes are the most common form of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS). These are battery-operated devices that heat a substance which may contain nicotine and other chemicals, to create vapour for inhalation.
  • Other examples: Heat Not Burn Products, e-Hookah and e-cigars and other similar devices.

Additional Information:

Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes Act, 2019

Key Provisions:

  • Production, manufacturing, import, export, transport, sale, distribution or advertisement of e-cigarettes is a cognizable offence.
  • Sub-inspector of police as the authorised officer is responsible for the implementation of provisions of the Act.