- Pakistan has managed to avoid being placed on the Financial Action Task Force(FATF) blacklist following support from China,Turkey and Malaysia.
- The FATF charter mandates support of at least three member states to avoid the blacklisting.However,FATF has said that Pakistan will be blacklisted if it fails to complete its action plan by October 2019.
- Once a country is blacklisted,FATF calls on other countries to apply enhanced due diligence and counter measures increasing the cost of doing business with the country and in some cases severing it altogether.
- Pakistan has been under the FATF’s scanner since June,2018 when it was put on the greylist for terror financing and money laundering risks after an assessment of its financial system and law enforcement mechanism.
- Further,Pakistan was informed that its compliance on 18 of the 27 indicators were unsatisfactory and asked it to do more to demonstrate strict action against the terrorist groups.
- Currently,India along with other global powers has been pushing for blacklisting of Pakistan as the country has failed to meet international standards in combating financial crimes and terror financing.
- The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 on the initiative of the G7.It is a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in various areas.The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Paris.
- The objectives of the FATF are to (a) set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures (b) for combating money laundering (c)terrorist financing and (d) other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.
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