According to the latest measles surveillance
data released by the WHO, India stood fourth among 194 countries in the number
of measles cases registered between July 2018 and June 2019.
Madagascar had the highest number of measles
cases registered, followed by Ukraine and Philippines.
According to WHO, children under the age of one
gets infected the most in India and have the highest incidence rate of 76.4 per
million population. The second highest rate of incidence occurs in children in
the age group of 1-4 years.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease
that is spread by contact with an infected person through coughing and sneezing.
It can be entirely prevent with a two-dose vaccine.
Under the Global Vaccine Action Plan, WHO has
targeted to eliminate measles by 2020.
Eleven member states of World Health
Organization South-East Asia Region (WHO SEAR) have committed to eliminate
measles by 2020 at the 66th session of the WHO regional committee. India is a
part of WHO SEAR.
India has initiated the world’s largest
Measles-Rubella (MR) Campaign in 2017. It targets vaccination of 410 million
children and adolescents aged between 9 months and 15 years.