News:India has joined the World Economic Forum’s(WEF) G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance on Technology Governance.
About G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance:
- The G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance on Technology Governance was established in June 2019, in conjunction with the G20 Summit held in Osaka,Japan.
- It is an alliance that comprises of 15 of the world’s leading city networks and technology governance organisations.
- It seeks to work towards advancing the responsible and ethical use of smart city technologies.
- The alliance also aims to create global norms and policy standards for the use of connected devices in public spaces.
Founding set of Institutional Partners include:
- Presidents and host nations of Group of 20 (G20) in 2019 and 2020
- Japan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- The Smart City Mission of India
- Cities for All
- Cities Today Institute
- Commonwealth Local Government Forum
- Commonwealth Sustainable Cities Network among others.
Significance of the alliance:
- Smart city technologies can help decrease traffic congestion, combat crime, improve resilience during natural disasters and reduce greenhouse emissions.
- However,without proper governance,these technologies pose significant risk, notably to privacy and security.
- Hence,India joining the league is a first step towards accelerating global best practices, fostering greater openness and public trust as well as mitigating risks regarding the collection of data in public spaces.
World Economic Forum(WEF):
- WEF was established in 1971 as a not-for-profit foundation and is headquartered in Geneva,Switzerland.
- The objective of WEF is to improve the state of the world by engaging business,political,academic and other leaders of society to shape global,regional and industry agendas.
- Some of the most significant reports published by the WEF are (a)Global Competitiveness Report (b)Global Gender Gap Report (c)Global Risks Report and (d)Global Travel and Tourism Report among others.
- G20 is an international forum of the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies formed in 1999.
- The group accounts for 85% of world GDP and two-thirds of the population.
- They have no permanent staff of its own and its chairmanship rotates annually between nations divided into regional groupings.