- At 11th Arctic Council ministerial meeting held at Rovaniemi in Finland, India has been re-elected as an observer to the Arctic Council.
- Arctic Council was formally established in 1996 by The Ottawa Declaration.It is an intergovernmental forum for promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction between the Arctic States.
- The members of the Arctic Council include (a)Canada (b)Denmark, (c)Finland (d)Iceland (e)Norway (f)Russia (g)Sweden and (h)United States.In addition, six organizations representing Arctic indigenous peoples have status as Permanent Participants.
- Further,Observer status in the Arctic Council is open to non-Arctic states. Besides India,12 other nations, including China, France, Germany, Japan, UK, Switzerland and the Netherlands have the observer status.India and China were given observer status in 2013 at Kiruna Declaration.
- India has also shown keen interest in the evolving climate change induced developments in the Arctic region.It has established a scientific research station ‘Himadri’ at Ny Alesund in the Spitsbergen Island of Norway.
- Further,India led by its National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) has also been regularly sending scientific teams for carrying out studies in the Arctic primarily in the fields of glaciology, hydrochemistry, microbiology and atmospheric sciences.
6 min read