News: United Nations (UN) inter-agency group for child mortality released a report titled ‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’
‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’: Key Takeaways
- Globally, 85% of deaths among children and young adolescents in 2018 occurred in the first five years of life
- Half of all under-5 deaths in 2018 occurred in five countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia.
- The mortality under-5 years of girls exceeded that of boys
- · The majority of child mortality cases are attributable to deaths during the neonatal period.
- The major causes of neonatal mortality are pre-term birth, intrapartum related events, and neonatal infection.
- In the post-neonatal period, the major direct causes of death are diarrhea and pneumonia.
Under-five mortality rate – Probability of dying between birth and five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births.