The Lok Sabha has passed Protection of Human
Rights (Amendment) Bill 2019. The bill seeks to amend the Protection of Human
Rights Act, 1993.
The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 was
enacted to provide for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission
(NHRC), the State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) and the Human Rights Courts
for protection of human rights.
The bill provides that besides a former chief
justice of India, as is the current requirement, a former Supreme Court judge
can also become the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) chairperson.
Similarly, a former high court judge can also
become a state human rights commission chairperson besides a high court chief
The bill also provides for including the
chairpersons of the National Commission for Backward Classes, the National
Commission for the Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for
Persons with Disabilities as members of the National Human Rights Commission
Further, the bill provides for a reduction in
the tenure of chairpersons of national and state human rights bodies to three
years from the current five years.
The bill also provides for increasing the
Members of the Commission from two to three of which, one shall be a woman.
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a
statutory body which deals with promotion and protection of human rights in