Manipur tribes call truce after decades of conflict

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News:The organisations of Naga and Kuki tribes namely Naga National Political Groups(NNPGs) and the Kuki National Organisation (KNO) have signed a declaration to settle contentious issues and inter-community differences peacefully.

Facts:

About Naga-Kuki conflict:

  • The Kukiā€“Naga conflict which was mainly fought on land and identity issues has resulted in the uprooting of hundreds of villages with the loss of more than 1,000 lives and enormous internal displacement. 
  • The British colonial policy of governance in the north-east frontier of India and the rise of ethnic nationalism among both the Kukis and Nagas in the post-independence period were the roots of the conflict.

About Nagas:

  • Naga is an umbrella term for several indigenous communities in North-East India and Upper Burma.They belong to Indo-Mongoloid Family.
  • It covers a number of tribes that reside in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh states of India and also in Myanmar.
  • Some of the major Naga tribes are Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Phoms, Rengma, Sema, Pochury and Zeliang.
  • Naga tribes’ biggest festival is New year festival of January 15th called Kaing Bi festival.

About Kukis:

  • The Kukis constitute one of several hill tribes within India, Bangladesh, and Burma. 
  • In Northeast India, they are present in all states except Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Some fifty tribes of Kuki people in India are recognised as scheduled tribes.
  • The majority of Kukis are Christians.The main festival of Kuki tribe is Mim Kut.