News:Recently,a political party in Tamil Nadu has posted a tweet on 46th death anniversary of Periyar which has triggered a firestorm of protests in the state.
About E V Ramasamy Periyar:
- E V Ramasamy Periyar was born in 1879.He was an Indian social activist and politician.
As a member of Congress Party:
- E.V. Ramasamy joined the Indian National Congress in 1919.He disagreed with Gandhi over the question of separate dining for Brahmin and non-Brahmin students.
- He resigned from the party in 1925 and associated himself with the Justice Party and the Self Respect Movement which opposed the dominance of Brahmins in social life, especially the bureaucracy.
- Vaikom Satyagraha was a satyagraha in Travancore,Kerala against untouchability in Hindu society.
- The Satyagraha was aimed at securing a freedom to all sections of society through the public roads leading to the Sri Mahadeva Temple at Vaikom.
- K. Kelappan played a dominant role in the Vaikom Satyagraha and was also the leader of the Guruvayur Satyagraha in 1932.
- Gandhiji, Chatampi Swamikal and Sree Narayana Guru had also supported the movement.Further, Periyar also came from Tamil Nadu to support the movement.
- The other prominent leaders in the movement include T K Madhavan, Velayudha Menon, K Neelakantan Namboothiri, T R Krishnaswami Iyer and George Joseph
- The movement managed to open the roads around the temple for their use.The temple entry movement gained momentum after this.
Self respect movement:
- The Self-Respect Movement was dedicated to the goal of giving non-Brahmins a sense of pride based on their Dravidian past.
- It’s aim was to achieve a society where backward castes have equal human rights and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste-based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy.
- It was founded in 1925 by S. Ramanathan who invited Periyar to head the movement in Tamil Nadu.
As a President of Justice Party:
- A political party known as the South Indian Libertarian Federation (commonly referred to as Justice Party) was founded in 1916.
- It was formed to principally oppose the economic and political power of the Brahmin groups.
- The party’s goal was to render social justice to the non-Brahmin groups.Periyar took over the leadership of the party in 1938.