- The Central government is looking to mandate a QR code-based payment option using Unified Payments Interface (UPI) at all shops.
- This measure is intended to promote digital payments as the preferred option.The details are being worked by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).
- QR code or Quick Response code is a two-dimensional machine readable code that is made up of black and white squares and are used for storing URLs or other information.These can be read by the camera of a smartphone.
- The QR code system was invented in 1994 by the Japanese company Denso Wave.Its purpose was to track vehicles during manufacturing.It was designed to allow high-speed component scanning.
- QR codes are now used in a much broader context, including both commercial tracking applications and convenience-oriented applications aimed at mobile-phone users (termed mobile tagging).
- National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments and settlement systems in India.It is an initiative of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Indian Banks’ Association (IBA).
- NPCI has been incorporated as a “Not for Profit” Company under the provisions of Section 25 of the Companies Act 1956 (now Section 8 of the Companies Act 2013),with an intention to provide infrastructure to the entire Banking system in India for physical as well as electronic payment and settlement systems.
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