News:Tamil Nadu has become the first State in the country to enact a law on contract farming with President giving assent to the Agricultural Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion and Facilitation) Act.
Features of the act:
- The act provides for a six-member body called the Tamil Nadu State Contract Farming and Services Authority.
- The authority would ensure proper implementation of the Act and make suggestions to the State government for promotion and better performance of contract farming.
- The act safeguards the interests of farmers during times of bumper crop or when market prices fluctuate.The farmers would also be paid a predetermined price which had been arrived at the time of signing agreements with buyers.
- The farmers could get support from purchasers for improving productivity by way of inputs, feed and fodder and technology.
- However,any produce banned by the Centre or State government or the Indian Council of Agricultural Research would not be covered under contract farming.
About Contract Farming:
- Contract farming refers to varied formal and informal agreements between producers and processors or buyers.
- It may include loose buying arrangements, simple purchase agreements and supervised production with input provision with tied loans and risk coverage.
- Contract farming usually involves the following basic elements – pre-agreed price, quality, quantity or acreage (minimum/maximum) and time.
Advantages of Contract Farming:
- The farmers get high remunerative price for their farm products.
- It promotes best agri practices from different parts of the world.
- It will free farmers from middlemen and money lenders.
- Farmers income security through guaranteed price and access to quality inputs.
- Encourages new generation to take farming as new business ventures instead of migrating to cities in search of jobs.