- The 55 countries of the Asia-Pacific group at the United Nations has unanimously endorsed India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat on the Security Council for a two-year term in 2021-2022.
- The development is particularly significant given that Pakistan and China both countries with which India has had diplomatic challenges at the UN has supported the move.
- The Asia-Pacific Group gets to nominate one of its members for the June 2020 elections to a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.
- No challenges to India’s candidacy are expected with regard to acquiring the support of other UN members.India will need the vote of two-thirds of the 193 UN General Assembly members to win a non-permanent seat.
- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.The Security Council consists of fifteen members. Russia, the United Kingdom,France,China and the United States serve as the body’s five permanent members.The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members elected on a regional basis to serve two-year term
- Each year,the UN General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term.These 10 seats are distributed on a regional basis (a)3 for African countries (b)2 for Asia-Pacific countries (c)one for Eastern European countries (d)two for Latin American and Caribbean countries (e)two for Western European and other countries.
- Further,India is also at the forefront of efforts at the UN to push for the long-pending reform of the Security Council emphasising that it rightly deserves a place at the UN high table as a permanent member.
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