World Bank study on PMGSY: ‘Rural roads scheme triggered shift from farm to non-farm employment’

  1. A recent independent World Bank assessment of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) has noted that the scheme led to a shift from farm to non-farm employment particularly among men in the habitations studied between 2009 and 2017.
  2. The report also noted that due to improved connectivity there has been a positive impact on child immunisation, childbirths in hospitals, and schooling of both boys and girls in rural areas
  3. PMGSY was launched in 2000. The scheme is under the aegis of Ministry of Rural Development.
  4. It aims to provide connectivity, by way of an All-weather Road to the eligible unconnected habitations of designated population size (500+ in plain areas and 250+ in North-East, hill, tribal and desert areas).
  5. Recently, the government has approved the launch of Phase-3 of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).
  6. Under the PMGSY-III Scheme, the government has proposed to consolidate roads measuring 1.25 lakh km in length in the states.
  7. Further, construction of bridges of up to 150m in plain areas and 200 m in Himalayan and north eastern states have been proposed.