World not on track to meet 2020 milestone for malaria control: WHO

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  1. According to the report by WHO’s Strategic Advisory Group on Malaria Eradication (SAGme), the world is not on track to meet the target of eliminating malaria.
  2. The report also noted that currently, less than one per cent of the global funds for health R&D investment are allocated to develop tools to fight malaria
  3. The world needed an estimated $4.4 billion in 2017 and needs $6.6 billion by 2020. However, in 2017, global funding for malaria control and elimination fell short by $1.3 billion
  4. In 2015, the World Health Assembly approved a Global Technical Strategy for Malaria to eliminate malaria by 2030. The strategy targeted 2020 to eliminate malaria in at least 10 countries.
  5. In 2016, WHO launched E-2020 initiative to scale up efforts eliminate malaria by 2020. The 21 countries were identified by WHO in 2016 as having the potential to become malaria-free by 2020. India is not among the 21 countries under E-2020 initiative.
  6. Four countries from Asia — China, Iran, Malaysia and Timor-Leste — and El Salvador from South America reported no indigenous cases of malaria in 2018.  Algeria and Argentina were declared as malaria-free in May 2019. The countries were part of E-2020 initiative.
  7. Malaria is disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
  8. According to the World Malaria Report 2018, more than 200 million people were affected by malaria in 2017. India (4%) along with Nigeria Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, and Uganda accounted for nearly 50% of all malaria cases worldwide.