According to the report by WHO’s Strategic
Advisory Group on Malaria Eradication (SAGme), the world is not on track to
meet the target of eliminating malaria.
The report also noted that currently,
less than one per cent of the global funds for health R&D investment
are allocated to develop tools to fight malaria
The world needed an estimated $4.4 billion in
2017 and needs $6.6 billion by 2020. However, in 2017, global funding for
malaria control and elimination fell short by $1.3 billion
In 2015, the World Health Assembly approved a
Global Technical Strategy for Malaria to eliminate malaria by 2030. The
strategy targeted 2020 to eliminate malaria in at least 10 countries.
In 2016, WHO launched E-2020 initiative to scale
up efforts eliminate malaria by 2020. The 21 countries were identified by WHO
in 2016 as having the potential to become malaria-free by 2020. India is not
among the 21 countries under E-2020 initiative.
Four countries from Asia — China, Iran, Malaysia
and Timor-Leste — and El Salvador from South America reported no indigenous
cases of malaria in 2018. Algeria and
Argentina were declared as malaria-free in May 2019. The countries were part of
Malaria is disease caused by Plasmodium
parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female
According to the World Malaria Report 2018, more
than 200 million people were affected by malaria in 2017. India (4%) along with
Nigeria Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, and Uganda accounted for
nearly 50% of all malaria cases worldwide.