- The India Meteorological Department has said that Cyclone ‘Fani’ has intensified into a ‘severe cyclonic storm’ and is headed towards the Odisha coast.
- Further, it could also develop into ‘extremely severe cyclone’. In an ‘extremely severe cyclonic storm’, the wind speed goes up to 170-180 kmph and could touch 195 kmph.
- This has prompted the government to put the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and the Indian Coast Guard on high alert.
- The NDRF is a specialised force constituted for the purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
- The Indian Coast Guard is a multi-mission organization entrusted with superintendence and policing of India’s maritime areas including the Exclusive Economic Zone. The Indian Coast Guard was established in 1978 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of as an independent armed force of India.
- Cyclones are named by various warning centres for ease of communication between forecasters and the public. Fani was named by Bangladesh.
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