- Iran has test-fired a medium-range ballistic missile Shahab-3. The missile was launched from Iran’s south-eastern coastline along the Gulf of Oman and landed in northern Iran, east of Tehran.
- Missile launches are not forbidden under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (Iran Nuclear Deal). This was one the main reason cited by USA while moving out of the deal.
- In 2015, Iran had agreed a long-term deal on its nuclear programme with a group of world powers known as the P5+1 – the US, UK, France, China, Russia and Germany. The deal is known as JCPOA.
- Though missile launches not prohibited under JCPOA, UN Security Council Resolution 2231 called upon Iran to refrain from activities related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons.
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